Sometimes untoward results are inevitable, and injuries can comprise this to an extent. For instance, runners, basketball players, and gymnasts, among others, can encounter calf strain, which is a seemingly small thing that can put enough of a damper on things to keep them from returning to running for some time. Calf strain tends to take the form of a sharp pain in the lower leg, specifically muscle behind your knee and shin. While calf muscle strain sounds simple, the name itself could be arguably said to be a misnomer – there is no single calf muscle, but instead a group of up to nine muscles working together. It’s not one of the biggest, most prevalent injuries, but it’s far from unfelt – at least one study shows that 13% of professional soccer players studied experienced it, and while global statistics are minimal, the odds are good that it isn’t just them.
Calf Strain – Muscular Tendinuous Junction Problems
Sometimes calf strain can be traced to damage sustained by the soleus muscle, or the larger gastrocnemius muscle. Usually, however, calf strain can be traced to the muscular tendinuous junction where the Achilles tendon meets the above muscles. Overstretching or tearing the muscles here, which can occur in sudden jumps or direction changes, or perhaps taxing them without having warmed them up, can bring on calf strain. It’s worth noting that while calf strain can occur suddenly – usually signaled with a popping sound – it can also occur gradually over time. Calf strain is usually felt as a sharp pain in that part of the leg, making the muscle tender to the touch. The pain may come when the muscle is moved, or even when it is at rest, usually in the form of throbbing or spasms. Some tightness or weakness in the area, and bruising and swelling, might be observed as well, and the pain can be bad enough to make even walking unbearable, let alone other tasks that involve the calf muscle group such as climbing stairs.
Check With A Physician First
Checking in with a physician immediately can do a lot to keep things from getting even worse. A physical therapist will probably address the issue in the first 24 to 48 hours by advising you to rest the affected area, keeping it on ice at intervals and elevated where possible. Compression, usually in the form of an elastic bandage wrap, may also be recommended. Even heel lift pads may be recommended for your shoes to reduce the stress put on that muscle group. Surgery is rarely a necessity for calf strains unless it’s particularly severe.
The aforementioned step of compression is particularly seen to have potentially beneficial effects because it can help increase blood flow in the area and keep it efficient enough to clear metabolic waste and refresh the affected muscles. Calf compression socks are particularly notable for allowing improvement in this particular aspect of one’s well-being. Furthermore, these can be helpful when it comes to traveling or having long periods of standing or sitting that could otherwise produce more pain or stress. Aside from applying ice to the area you can also apply heat, which could also help increase blood flow in the area as well.
There are some other things you can do to support and follow up these recovery efforts.
- Self-massage, or myocardial release, can benefit the injured area. A tennis or hard lacrosse ball can serve the purpose. Seated, place the ball under the calf and roll it back and forth gently, focusing on raising and pointing the toes, then on relaxing the foot so the leg muscle can rest.
- Stretching can help restore range of motion later on, as the recovery continues. Make sure not to start this too soon – stretching a still-raw calf muscle will only make things worse. Depending on the intensity of the injury, you can slowly introduce stretching after a week or so of mobilization drills and myocardial release. The basic watchword, as always, is that if it hurts, don’t do it – consult with your physician regularly to keep track of what your options actually are.
- Eating right during the recovery phase is sure to be helpful. Minimize swelling during the early phase by eating dishes with oily fish, nuts and seeds, and crops like garlic and turmeric that have anti-inflammatory properties. Avoid vegetable oils and processed foods.
- After these steps, a gradual return to exercise is ideal. You need to pace yourself and avoid taxing your system too much too soon, but eventually you want your circulation and stamina to go back to what they were. The rest period will likely have diminished them somewhat. Again, a return to walking and eventually jogging should be pain-free as a result of the properly-followed recovery phase.
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